Internet Links
There are few Internet links on this topic, despite the incredible nature of Japanese holdouts and their legacy. Please, send any additional links to me at

Mindoro Island Tourist Guide
Has references to the Japanese soldiers that held out there. contributed by Reine Wonite

The Japan Times August 15, 1997
Article about Japanese veterans visiting the National war shrine. contributed by Reine Wonite

The Last Surrender in the Marianas
A group shipwrecked survivors holds out until June of 1951.

Psywar Society
British Leaflet to Japanese in Burma

Japanese soldiers at war
The Army that Disappeared
A 170,000 Army has only one survivor. Read about death and starvation among fleeing soldiers in New Guinea.

Post Surrender Topics
Saipan's WWII Virtual Museum
Great photos of the island, and late surrendering troops. Lots of pictures and news clippings.

How History Repeats Itself
Article that mentions holdouts
by James L. Secor

The Return of Stragglers and Japanese Constructions of Womanhood in Collective Memories of World War II
Article by Beatrice Trefalt

Japanese WWII soldier found alive
Ex-soldier who disappeared after World War II and was officially declared dead in 2000 has turned up alive in Ukraine. Thanks to Jared Grimmer for this link.

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Anyone with copies of these movies, or knowledge about where to locate them, please contact me.

The Burmese Harp (1956)
Directed by Kon Ichikawa
Thanks to James Oglethorpe for this link.

Anatahan (1954)
Directed by Josef von Sternberg
Thanks to Mark Harris for this link

Yokoi Shoichi: guamu-to 28 nen no nazo o ou (1977)
(Human Drama: 28 Years of Hiding in
the Jungle.) Directed by Nagisa Oshima
Thanks to Josh Martin for this link

The Maids "Back To Bataan" 1979

Superboys "Hiroo Onoda" album 2001

Hiroo Onoda
1995 Oil Painting by Peter Femenella


28 Years in the Guam Jungle
by Sankei Shimbun
Tom Stacey Ltd 1972

No Surrender My Thirty-year War
by Hiroo Onoda
Philippines holdout until 1974

Oba: The Last Samurai
by Don Jones
Saipan Holdout until December 1945

Saipan: Oral Histories of the Pacific War
by Bruce Petty
Holdouts on Anatahan, Guam, Saipan and nian

The Long and the Short and the Tall
by Alvin M., Jr. Josephy
Describes LCI "peaceship" on Guam to get wartime holdouts to surrender.

The Stragglers
by E.J. Kahn, Jr.

The Emperor's last soldiers
by Ito, Masashi
Japanese who hid 16 years on Guam

Island in Agony
Guam Holdouts story. Currently out of print, and not available.


Last Surrneder
[ USA / History Channel ] Includes interviews with Hiroo Onoda, and aired in 2003.

Television Shows

Gilligan's Island
"So Sorry, My Island Now" (1964)

A Japanese Soldier who believes WWII is still going on (played by Vito Scotti) lands his one-man sub on the island. The soldier was played by an Italian, and parodied of WWII-era Japanese sterotypes. He also appears in flashback in episode titled "Diogenese, won't you please come home?" (1965)